My account - avatarArrow down Arrow left Arrow right Arrow up AvatarBurgerCalendar CarsCross CoachesDownload Disabled AccessAsset 55 Edit pencilEmail ExploreexternalFacebookFiid facilitiesGeography- globeGuided ToursLearning ProgramsLearning SpacesLightbulb Location Magnify location markerlocation marker PURPLE overlaymarkerMaths History - museumNotes ParkingPrintRestaurantSaveSavedScience - flask Asset 52 Starred Subject Phone Era Toilets

Sea Mine (Mark 17)

British Mk XVII contact sea mine, the design of which dates from the Second World War. This type of anti-shipping mine could be laid in 500 fathoms with a charge of either 320lb or 450lb. It could be described as the standard British contact mine of the Second World War.

Please note that the Steam, Steel and Submarines Gallery that displays this object will be closed from 29th October until Spring 2018.  

About

British Coastal defence. As ‘front line Kent’ and major repair base for the Royal Navy, Chatham Dockyard was witness to many examples of damage caused to warships by German mines.

Chatham Historic Dockyard Trust

Chatham Historic Dockyard Trust,
The Sail & Colour Loft,
The Historic Dockyard,
Chatham,
Kent ME4 4TE

Learning

The British experienced a stroke of luck in November 1939 when a German mine was dropped from an aircraft onto the mud flats off Shoeburyness during low tide. Additionally, the land belonged to the army and a base with men and workshops was at hand. Experts were dispatched from HMS Vernon to investigate the mine. They had some idea that the mines could use magnetic sensors, so everyone removed all metal, including their buttons, and made tools of non-magnetic brass. They disarmed the mine and rushed it to labs at HMS Vernon, where scientists discovered a new type of arming mechanism.

A large ferrous object passing through the Earth’s magnetic field will concentrate the field through it; the mine’s detector was designed to trigger as a ship passed over, when its magnetic field was concentrated as measured by the mine. The mechanism had an adjustable sensitivity, calibrated in milligauss. (As it turned out, the German firing mechanism was overly sensitive, making sweeping easier.) The U.S. began adding delay counters to their magnetic mines in June 1945. The weapon as currently displayed, is without its sinker, which would normally sit on prior to deployment, and which would act as an anchor in use.

Curriculum Links:

  • KS1: Local History, Significant Events
  • KS2: Local History, Second World War, Forces, Mechanical Systems
  • KS3: Local History, Britain 1901- Present Day, Developments in Design and Technology, Materials and Components, Forces, Chemical Changes
  • KS4: Metals and Alloys, Energy Changes in Chemistry

Notes

Create Notes

You can jot down some notes for your future references using the form below. Fill in the details about the object and any notes you deem important. You can save and print this too.

Related Objects

Register

To save objects and notes to your account you need to be registered with us.