My account - avatarArrow down Arrow left Arrow right Arrow up AvatarBurgerCalendar CarsCross CoachesDownload Disabled AccessAsset 55 Edit pencilEmail ExploreexternalFacebookFiid facilitiesGeography- globeGuided ToursLearning ProgramsLearning SpacesLightbulb Location Magnify location markerlocation marker PURPLE overlaymarkerMaths History - museumNotes ParkingPrintRestaurantSaveSavedScience - flask Asset 52 Starred Subject Phone Era Toilets

Palaeolithic Hand Axe

Tool. Old Stone Age, classic teardrop-shaped, hand axe found in Twydall. Made of flint.


Flint, which is an abundant material here in Kent, was formed millions of years ago from the bodies of tiny sea creatures; wherever flint is, the sea has been. The very basic design of this hand axe makes it a good item to contrast with later bronze age axes.

Guildhall Museum, Rochester

Guildhall Museum,
17 High St,
ME1 1PY,
United Kingdom


As people developed techniques for working and shaping natural flint, this resulted in the emergence of the stone hand axe. Worked flint, different shapes, but all held in the hand. This is a dominant design which alters little and slowly, persisting from 500,000 years ago right through to roughly 4,000 BC.

The classic tear drop form of stone hand axe is so widespread, the conclusion that people are copying and learning, and that this is a cultural phenomenon, is inescapable.

Curriculum Links

  • KS1: Local History
  • KS2: Local History, Britain from Stone Age to Iron Age, Rocks, Materials and Their Properties
  • KS3: Local History, Britain Before 1066


Create Notes

You can jot down some notes for your future references using the form below. Fill in the details about the object and any notes you deem important. You can save and print this too.

Related Objects


To save objects and notes to your account you need to be registered with us.